BMI (Body Mass Index) is a measurement of body fat based on height and weight that applies to both men and women between the ages of 18 and 65 years. The higher the BMI, the greater the risk of some diseases, including high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, stroke, osteoarthritis, some cancers, and type 2 diabetes. It may also raise your risk for endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon cancers.This is just a short list of diseases associated with an elevated BMI score.
If you are overweight, losing as little as 7-10 percent of your body weight may improve many of the problems linked to being overweight.
A score below 20 indicates that you may be underweight.
In order to gain weight, you will have to eat more calories. You will need to include regular exercise and strength training into
your lifestyle in order to prevent gaining too much weight as fat. Those extra calories should come mainly from additional
If you are underweight the best way to add weight, in addition to exercise and strength training, is to increase your intake of
complex carbohydrates, like whole grain ones. Foods such as whole wheat bread, muffins, pasta, crackers, and bagels are good to
include. Also, legumes and fruits would be great choices.
However, this is only one of many possible ways to assess your weight. If you have any concerns about your weight, please discuss
them with your physician, who is in a position, unlike this BMI chart, to address your specific individual situation.
Note that it is possible to have a higher BMI but very little fat. Bodybuilders and full-time athletes may fall into that
category. But most people who are overweight have too much body fat.